Company Formation – what are the Articles of Association?

When you form a new limited company, one of the three documents you need to submit is the Articles of Association.

The other forms you need to submit to Companies House together with the Articles of Association are; Form IN01 and the Company Memorandum of Association. You can read more about what information is provided by these forms in our dedicated article here.

What are the Articles of Association?

The Articles of Association of a limited company outline how the company will be run on an ongoing basis. It forms the ‘constitution’ of the company. The Articles are broken down into the following key areas:

  • Directors powers and responsibilities
  • Decision-making by directors
  • Appointment of directors
  • Shares and distributions
  • Decision making by shareholders
  • Administrative Arrangements such as indemnity and insurance

Since 1st October 2009 new ‘model articles’ were introduced which apply by default to new limited companies. Unless you choose to submit your own Articles of Association for whatever reasons, the model articles will apply.

Most ByteStart readers will form companies limited by shares, whereas other organisations, such as charities and not for profit groups, may set up companies limited by guarantee. Different model Articles of Association apply to each type of company.

You can view and download a copy of the Model Articles of Association from Companies House here.

Further Information

Many small business owners set up limited companies via formation agents, or their accountants. Our company formations partner has set up thousands of companies for Bytestart visitors over the past 10 years. You can find out more about the fast and friendly service they offer here.

You can also read our overview on how to set up a limited company, and which forms are required to form a new limited company.

More on starting and running your own business

ByteStart is packed with help and tips on all aspects of starting and running a small business. Check out some of our most popular guides;

Starting Up

Funding your business

Money & Tax matters

Promoting your business

Legal issues


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