Most small businesses set up as either sole traders, or limited companies. In this section of ByteStart’s Start-Up Guide, we look at the most commonly used business structures in the UK.
If you set yourself up as a sole trader you are essentially self-employed.
The business income you generate will be counted alongside any other personal income you have, which makes the accountancy side of running a business as straightforward as it can be.
Setting up as a sole trader is an easy process, and is seen by many as a ‘hassle free’ route. There is less paperwork than the limited company route, and you will have to deal with fewer rules and regulations.
This guide explains in more detail exactly what you need to do to register as self-employed.
However, one downside to be aware of is if something goes wrong with your business – you run up large business debts, for example, you are solely responsible financially.
Your business finances are not considered separately from your personal ones, and your liability is not ‘limited’ as it is under the limited company business structure.
Another option is to form a limited company. “Limited” means that the company’s finances are kept separate from your own personal money.
If things go wrong, you will only lose the money you have put into the business. No-one can claim against your personal assets. However, as a limited company director, you may be required to act as a guarantor for loans or credit granted to your company.
To extract funds from your limited company, you must become an employee of the company and be paid either with a salary or by taking dividends.
Many people starting businesses elect to go down the limited company route. It looks more professional and has less risk if you need to buy a lot of equipment or take on expensive premises, such as a shop unit.
As a limited company, you will need to spend more time on paperwork than if you took the sole trader route. However, if you employ a decent accountant, most of the administrative burden can be taken away from you, so you can focus on getting your new business off the ground.
The Partnership structure offers another option for those who want to go into business with one or more partners but without any of the legal and administrative confines of running a limited company.
As with sole traders, a partnership has no legal status. It is simply an easy way of linking two or more people together in a business structure.
Finally, a Limited Liability Partnership or LLP as it is commonly known is similar to a limited company, with each participant having less liability for business-generated debt than they would under the ‘partnership’ route.
This option involves more administration, along similar lines to being a limited company, and is frequently used by firms of solicitors and accountants.
Deciding upon a business structure is an important step in the start-up process, and we highly recommend you discuss your options with a local accountant or business adviser.
Depending on the nature of your business and projected turnover, a professional adviser will know which option is best for you in the long-term, both to balance out the risk and ensure that you can maximise the profits you generate.
Last updated - 11th October, 2019